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How many countries are in Europe?

Countries in Europe with Explanation

There are 44 European countries each with their own country Flags and capital states. The Flags of Europe or flags of European countries are their symbolic representations. Out of these 44 countries, some of them are transcontinental i.e. lie both in Asia and Europe and thus are considered to be the part of both. Europe also comprises of few territories and dependencies like Svalbard, Two constituent countries of Denmark, British Overseas Territories, and Aland islands. 28 European countries are the members of the European Union which were formed after the second world war and should not be confused with the Europe continent. Europe is further subdivided into four regions namely: Northern, Southern, Western and Eastern Europe. Russia with 37% acquisition of the total continent area is Europe’s largest country and the smallest one is Vatican City that occupies a tiny territory in the center of Rome. We would further see about flags of europe in detail.

List of countries in Europe - Updated 2020

Country Capital Language/Currency/Time Zone/ Calling Code
Albania Tirana
  • The official language of the nation is Albanian
  • The currency used is Lek.
  • The calling code is +355
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +2 hours.
Andorra Andorra La Vella
  • The official language of the nation is Catalan
  • The currency used is the Euro.
  • The calling code is +376
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +2 hours.
Austria Vienna
  • The official language of the nation is German
  • The currency used is the Euro.
  • The calling code is +43
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +2 hours.
Belarus Minsk
  • The official language of the nation is Belarusian
  • The currency used is Ruble.
  • The calling code is +375
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +3 hours.
Belgium Brussels
  • The official language of the nation is Dutch & French
  • The currency used is the Euro.
  • The calling code is +32
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +2 hours.
Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo
  • The official language of the nation is Bosnian
  • The currency used is Marka.
  • The calling code is +387
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +2 hours.
Bulgaria Sofia
  • The official language of the nation is Bulgarian
  • The currency used is Lev.
  • The calling code is +359
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +3 hours.  
Croatia Zagreb
  • The official language of the nation is Croatian
  • The currency used is Kuna.
  • The calling code is +385
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +2 hours.
Czech Republic Prague
  • The official language of the nation is Czech
  • The currency used is Koruna.
  • The calling code is +420
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +2 hours
Denmark Copenhagen
  • The official language of the nation is Danish
  • The currency used is Krone.
  • The calling code is +45
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +2 hours.   
Estonia Tallinn
  • The official language of the nation is Estonian
  • The currency used is the Euro.
  • The calling code is +372
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +3 hours.
Finland Paris
  • The official language of the nation is Finnish
  • The currency used is Euro.
  • The calling code is +358
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +3 hours.  
France Helsinki
  • The official language of the nation is French
  • The currency used is Euro.
  • The calling code is +33
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +2 hours.
Germany Berlin
  • The official language of the nation is German
  • The currency used is Euro.
  • The calling code is +49
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +2 hours.
Greece Athens
  • The official language of the nation is Greek
  • The currency used is the Euro.
  • The calling code is +30
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +3 hours.
Holy See Vatican City
  • The official language of the nation in Latin, French and German
  • The currency used is the Euro.
  • The calling code is +379
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +2 hours.
Hungary Budapest
  • The official language of the nation is Hungarian
  • The currency used is Forint.
  • The calling code is +36
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +2 hours.
Iceland Reykjavik
  • The official language of the nation is Icelandic
  • The currency used is Krona.
  • The calling code is +354
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +0 hours.
Iceland Reykjavik
  • The official language of the nation is Icelandic
  • The currency used is Krona.
  • The calling code is +354
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +0 hours.
Ireland Dublin
  • The official language of the nation is English
  • The currency used is Euro.
  • The calling code is +353
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +1 hours.
Italy Rome
  • The official language of the nation is Italian
  • The currency used is Euro.
  • The calling code is +39
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +2 hours.
Latvia Riga
  • The official language of the nation is Latvian
  • The currency used is Euro.
  • The calling code is +371
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +3 hours.
Liechtenstein Vaduz
  • The official language of the nation is German
  • The currency used is Franc.
  • The calling code is +423
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +2 hours.
Lithuania Vilnius
  • The official language of the nation is Lithuanian
  • The currency used is Franc.
  • The calling code is +370
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +3 hours.
Luxembourg Luxembourg
  • The official language of the nation is Luxembourgish
  • The currency used is Franc.
  • The calling code is +352
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +2 hours.
Macedonia Skopje
  • The official language of the nation is Macedonian.
  • the currency used is Denar.
  • The calling code is +389
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +2 hours.
Malta Valletta
  • The official language of the nation is Maltese
  • The currency used is Euro.
  • The calling code is +356
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +2 hours.
Moldova Chisinau
  • The official language of the nation is Moldovan
  • The currency used is Leu.
  • The calling code is +373
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +3 hours.
Monaco Monaco
  • The official language of the nation is French
  • The currency used is Euro.
  • The calling code is +377 UTC/GMT standard time followed is +2 hours.
Montenegro Podgorica
  • The official language of the nation is Montenegrin
  • The currency used is Euro.
  • The calling code is +382
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +2 hours.
Netherlands Amsterdam
  • The official language of the nation is Montenegrin
  • The currency used is Euro.
  • The calling code is +31
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +2 hours.
Norway Oslo
  • The official language of the nation is Norwegian
  • The currency used is Krone.
  • The calling code is +47
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +2 hours.
Poland Warsaw
  • The official language of the nation is Polish
  • The currency used is Zloty.
  • The calling code is +48
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +2 hours.
Portugal Lisbon
  • The official language of the nation is Portuguese
  • The currency used is Euro.
  • The calling code is +351
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +1 hours.
Romania Bucharest
  • The official language of the nation is Romanian
  • The currency used is Leu.
  • The calling code is +40
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +3 hours.
Russia Moscow
  • The official language of the nation is Russian
  • The currency used is Ruble.
  • The calling code is +7
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +3 hours.
San Marino San Marino
  • The official language of the nation is Italian
  • The currency used is Euro.
  • The calling code is +378
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +2 hours.
Serbia Belgrade
  • The official language of the nation is Serbian
  • The currency Euro.
  • The calling code is +381
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +2 hours.
Slovakia Bratislava
  • The official language of the nation is Slovak
  • The currency Euro.
  • The calling code is +421 UTC/GMT standard time followed is +2 hours.
Slovenia Ljubljana
  • The official language of the nation is Slovenian
  • The currency Euro.
  • The calling code is +386 UTC/GMT standard time followed is +2 hours.
Spain Madrid
  • The official language of the nation is Spanish
  • The currency Euro.
  • The calling code is +34
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +2 hours.
Sweden Stockholm
  • The official language of the nation is Swedish
  • The currency Krona.
  • The calling code is +46 UTC/GMT standard time followed is +2 hours.
Switzerland Berne
  • The official language of the nation is German
  • The currency Franc.
  • The calling code is +41
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +2 hours.
Ukraine Kyiv
  • The official language of the nation is Ukrainian
  • The currency Hryvnia.
  • The calling code is +380
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +3 hours.
United Kingdom London
  • The official language of the nation is English
  • The currency Pound.
  • The calling code is +44
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +1 hours.

Europe Facts

All you need to know about the European Continent!

Europe accommodates 44 countries recognized by the UN out of which 28 are the members of the European Union. Homeland to the world’s most visited countries, spectacular arts, fascinating history and towering feats of nature, Europe is the second smallest continent of the world. Hence, European Union Europe lies to the west of the great Eurasian landmass and comprises a total area of 4, 000,000 sq. miles or 10,360,000 sq. km. Being surrounded by islands and peninsulas it becomes really difficult for Europe to form a unified whole. Conventionally, Europe is separated from Asia by the Caspian Sea and the Caucasus in the southeast, the Urals and the Ural river in the east, Black sea, sea of Marmara, the Bosporus and the Dardanelles in the south. Apart from this the Strait of Gibraltar and the Mediterranean Sea separates Europe from Africa. Further, Arctic ocean surrounds it from the North and the Atlantic Ocean from the west to which the Baltic Sea and the North Sea are connected.

The European Flag or Flag of Europe

Designed in the year 1950 the twelve-star European Flag or Flag of Europe was officially adopted by the Council of Europe on December 8, 1955, as a symbol for entire Europe. The Flag of Europe comprises of a circle of 12 yellow stars on a blue background representing the solidarity, harmony, and unity of the European countries. The European flag is the official symbol of two distinct international organizations i.e. the European Union (EU) and the Council of Europe. Apart from this common European flag, each country lying in Europe have their own flags i.e. Flag of Europe shouldn’t be confused with the flags of European countries.

Major Languages of Europe

Europe comprises of 44 nations and each have their own national languages. The European Union with its 28 member countries recognizes 24 languages as the official languages. Though a great variation can be seen in languages across the European countries there are some languages that are prevalent across the continent. These are commonly termed as Romance Languages and include Italian, Spanish and French. However, German and English languages are used in the number of places. Apart from this, in the Eastern Europe Slavic languages are spoken and in the north, the Baltic and the Scandinavian languages are used from the Iceland east to the European Russia.

Population of Europe

Europe is the second smallest continent of the World and accommodates approximately 742 million people and is inclusive of about 1 million refugees. Europe is the third most populated continent in the world. The population density here is 70 per sq. Km or 181 per sq. mi.

Time Zones used in Europe

The Europe continent and all the Europe countries use three standard time zones i.e.

  • Western European Time (UTC/GMT +0 from west to east)
  • Central European Time (UTC/GMT +0)
  • Eastern European Time (UTC/GMT +2)

Highest Points in Europe

The highest points in Europe is Mount Elbrus with a height of about 5,642 meters and lies is the European part of Russia. It is followed by Shkhara mountain in Georgia with 5,201m and then Mont Blanc with 4,807 m is located in France-Italy.

Largest Lakes

Lake Lagoda located in the northeast of St. Petersburg, Russia with an area of about 17,700 sq. Km is the largest lake in Europe

Longest Rivers

Flowing through central Russia into the Caspian Sea the river Volga around 3,690 km long is the longest river in Europe followed by the river Danube (2850 km long) which is the longest river of European Union.

Conclusion

Located entirely in the northern hemisphere and major part lying in the eastern hemisphere, Europe is continent that derives its name from Greek mythology. It was named behind the Phoenician princess Europa and is surrounded by water on three sides and lies in the temperate climate zones. It is one of the major tourist attractions i.e. it is the most visited continent in the world.