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How many countries are in Asia?

Countries in Asia with Explanation

There are 48 countries, 6 non-UN states, and 6 dependent territories in Asia continent. Additionally, Asia comprises of 6 non-UN states i.e. the countries that are not recognized by the UN and 6 dependent territories. The transcontinental countries include Russia, Kazakhstan, and Azerbaijan as the overland border crosses the territories of these countries. The largest Asian country is Russia that occupies about 30% of the area in the continent. The smallest independent states are the Maldives, which is an archipelago of islands popular for its beach resorts. We would further see about flags of Asia in detail.

List of countries in Asia - Updated 2020

Country Capital Language/Currency/Time Zone/ Calling Code
Afghanistan Kabul
  • The official language of the nation is Pashto & Dari
  • The currency used is Afghani.
  • The calling code is +93
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is + hours 30 minutes.
Armenia Yerevan
  • The official language of the nation is Armenian
  • The currency used is Dram.
  • The calling code is +374
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +4 hours.
Azerbaijan Baku
  • The official language of the nation is Azeri
  • The currency used is Manat.
  • The calling code is +994
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +4 hours.
Bahrain Manama
  • The official language of the nation is Arabic
  • The currency used is Dinar.
  • The calling code is +973
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +3 hours.
Bangladesh Dhaka
  • The official language of the nation is Bangla
  • The currency used is Taka.
  • The calling code is +880
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +6 hours. 
Bhutan Thimphu
  • The official language of the nation is Dzongkha
  • The currency used is Ngultrum.
  • The calling code is +975
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +6 hours.
Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan
  • The official language of the nation is Malay
  • The currency used is Dollar.
  • The calling code is +673
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +8 hours.
Cambodia Phnom Penh
  • The official language of the nation is Khmer
  • The currency used is Riels.
  • The calling code is +855
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +7 hours.
China Beijing
  • The official language of the nation is Chinese
  • The currency used is Yuan.
  • The calling code is +86
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +8 hours.
Cyprus Nicosia
  • The official language of the nation is Greek & Turkish
  • The currency used is the Euro.
  • The calling code is +357
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +3 hours.
East Timor Dili
  • The official language of the nation is Tetum & Portuguese
  • The currency used is Dollar.
  • The calling code is +670
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +9 hours.
Georgia Tbilisi
  • The official language of the nation is Georgian
  • The currency used is Lari.
  • The calling code is +995
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +4 hours.
India New Delhi
  • The official language of the nation is English & Hindi
  • The currency used is Rupee.
  • The calling code is +91
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +5 hours 30 minutes.
Indonesia Jakarta
  • The official language of the nation is Bahasa
  • The currency used is Rupiah.
  • The calling code is +62
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +7 hours.
Iran Tehran
  • The official language of the nation is English
  • The currency used is Rupee.
  • The calling code is +230
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +4 hours.
Iraq Baghdad
  • The official language of the nation is Portuguese
  • The currency used is the Mozambican Metical.
  • The calling code is +258
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +2 hours.
Israel Jerusalem
  • The official language of the nation is Hebrew
  • The currency used is Shekel.
  • The calling code is +972
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +3 hours.
Japan Tokyo
  • The official language of the nation is Japanese
  • The currency used is Yen.
  • The calling code is +81
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +9 hours.
Jordan Amman
  • The official language of the nation is Arabic
  • The currency used is Dinar.
  • The calling code is +962
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +3 hours.
Kazakhstan Nur-Sultan
  • The official language of the nation is Kazakh
  • The currency used is Tenge.
  • The calling code is +7
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +6 hours.
Kuwait Kuwait City
  • The official language of the nation is Arabic
  • The currency used is Dinar.
  • The calling code is +965
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +3 hours.
Kyrgyzstan Bishkek
  • The official language of the nation is Kyrgyz & Russian
  • The currency used is Som.
  • The calling code is +996
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +6 hours.
Laos Vientiane
  • The official language of the nation is Lao
  • The currency used is Kip.
  • The calling code is +856
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +7 hours. 
Lebanon Beirut
  • The official language of the nation is Arabic
  • The currency used is Pound.
  • The calling code is +961
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +3 hours.
Malaysia Kuala Lumpur
  • The official language of the nation is Bahasa
  • The currency used is Ringgit.
  • The calling code is +60
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +8 hours.
Maldives Male
  • The official language of the nation is Dhivehi
  • The currency used is Rufiyaa.
  • The calling code is +960
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +5 hours.
Mongolia Ulaanbaatar
  • The official language of the nation is Burmese
  • The currency used is Kyat.
  • The calling code is +95
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +6 hours 30mins.
Myanmar Naypyidaw
  • The official language of the nation is French
  • The currency used is Franc.
  • The calling code is +235
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +1 hours.
Nepal Kathmandu
  • The official language of the nation is Nepali
  • The currency used is Rupee.
  • The calling code is +977
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +5 hours and 45 minutes.
North Korea Pyongyang
  • The official language of the nation is Korean
  • The currency used is Won.
  • The calling code is +850
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +8 hours 30 minutes.
Oman Muscat
  • The official language of the nation is Arabic
  • The currency used is Rial.
  • The calling code is +968
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +4 hours. 
Pakistan Islamabad
  • The official language of the nation is Portuguese
  • The currency used is Escudo.
  • The calling code is +238
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is -1 hour.
Philippines Manila
  • The official language of the nation is Filipino
  • The currency used is Peso.
  • The calling code is +63
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +1 hours.
Qatar Doha
  • The official language of the nation is Arabic
  • The currency used is Rial.
  • The calling code is +974
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +3 hours. 
Saudi Arabia Riyadh
  • The official language of the nation is Arabic
  • The currency used is Rial.
  • The calling code is +966
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +3 hours.
Singapore Singapore
  • The official language of the nation is Mandarin
  • The currency used is Dollar.
  • The calling code is +65
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +8 hours.
South Korea Seoul
  • The official language of the nation is Korean
  • The currency used is Won.
  • The calling code is +82
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +9 hours.
Sri Lanka Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte
  • The official language of the nation is Sinhala
  • The currency used is Rupee.
  • The calling code is +94
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +5 hours 30 minutes.
State of Palestine Jerusalem
  • The official language of the nation is Arabic
  • The currency used is Shekel.
  • The calling code is +970
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +3 hours.
Syria Damascus
  • The official language of the nation is Arabic
  • The currency used is Pound.
  • The calling code is +963
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +3 hours.
Tajikistan Dushanbe
  • The official language of the nation is Tajik
  • The currency used is Somoni.
  • The calling code is +992
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +5 hours.
Thailand Bangkok
  • The official language of the nation is Thai
  • The currency used is Baht.
  • The calling code is +66
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +7 hours.
Turkey Ankara
  • The official language of the nation is Turkish
  • The currency used is Lira.
  • The calling code is +90
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +3 hours.
Turkmenistan Ashgabat
  • The official language of the nation is Turkman
  • The currency used is Manat.
  • The calling code is +993
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +5 hours.
United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi
  • The official language of the nation is Arabic
  • The currency used is Dirham.
  • The calling code is +971
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +1 hours.
Uzbekistan Tashkent
  • The official language of the nation is Uzbek
  • The currency used is Som.
  • The calling code is +998
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +5 hours.
Vietnam Hanoi
  • The official language of the nation is English
  • The currency used is Dollar.
  • The calling code is +264
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +2 hours.
Yemen Sana'a
  • The official language of the nation is Arabic
  • The currency used is Rial.
  • The calling code is +967
  • UTC/GMT standard time followed is +3 hours.

Asia Facts

Population of Asia

Asia is the largest continent of the World and accommodates approximately 4.526 billion people. The five most populous countries of Asia arranged in the order of largest population to smallest one are China, India, Indonesia, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. Singapore however, has the highest population density i.e. about 20,194 persons per square mile followed by Bahrain having population density 5,038 people per sq. mi. Mongolia has the least population density in Asia i.e. only 5 persons per sq. mi.

Time Zones used in Asia

The Asia continent and all the Asian countries use eleven standard time zones i.e. the time zone ranges from UTC (GMT) +4 to UTC (GMT) +10.

Highest Point in Asia

The highest point in Asia is the Mount Everest with a height of about 8848 meters and lies above the sea level and it is the highest peak in the world.

Largest Lake in Asia

The Caspian Sea is the largest lake in the Asian continent. It is not only Asia’s largest lake, but also the largest lake in the world. It is followed by the lake Baikal that is known to be the deepest as well as the largest freshwater lake in the world.

Longest River in Asia

The Yangtze River or Chang Jiang river with a length of around 6,300 km is the longest river in Asia followed by the Yellow River (5,464 km long) and River Mekong (4,909 km long). The Yangtze River is also the world’s third longest river.

Boundaries of Asia

The boundaries inside Asia have been a point of argument for several years. The Europe-Asia boundary has historically been a review on numerous times. The modern meaning of the Asia-Europe boundary comprises some trans-continental nations, such as Russia and Turkey. Cyprus is the only land characterize as being inside Asia’s boundaries but is an authorized member of the European Union. The Africa-Asia boundary is defined along the Red Sea and comprises the Suez Canal and the Sinai Peninsula, which is the landmark of Egyptian territory.

History

The history of Asia is spread across its various peripheral coastal regions like South Asia, Southeast Asia Middle East, and East Asia. These coastal regions were once the home for several known civilizations of the world. The known civilizations such as Mesopotamia, Mohenjo-Daro, Indus Valley, and the Yellow River are remarkable earliest human societies that existed in Asia. Writing, Mathematics, Astrology, Technologies, and Wheel are the innovative information and knowledge that had been shared by such civilizations to the modern societies in Asia. The continent is also considered as the origin place of Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. These religions flourished and became a mandatory support system for spiritualism in human lives.

The Largest and Smallest Countries of Asia by Size

Asia covers an area of 17,212 million square miles having 4,164 billion habitats, which makes it the largest and densely populated continent in the world. The continent has Cape Fligely, Russia as the extreme northern point, Panama Island, Indonesia is the last southernmost point, Big Diomede, Russia is the easternmost point, and Cape Baba, Turkey is the extreme westernmost end of Asia. Mount Everest is the highest peak on earth, and the longest river China’s Yangtze River having 3,915 miles in length is located in India. The world’s and Asia’s biggest country is Russia. It covers an area of 6.592 million square miles, which is continent’s 38.63% of the total area. The smallest island country in Asia is the Maldives.

Languages of Asia

In Asia, about 2,300 languages have been recognized. The most widely spoken languages include Chinese (all dialects) with more than almost 1.39 billion speakers followed by Hindi-Urdu languages majorly used in India and Pakistan and is spoken by about more than 588 million people and there are several different languages the language group of Hindi-Urdu. About more than 1,600 languages in India itself. Indonesia has 600 languages that are spoken and the Philippines has over 100 languages. However, English, Mandarin Chinese, and Arabic are the most common languages across the continent.

Conclusion

Located primarily in the northern and eastern hemisphere Asia is a continent of that derives its name from Greek word. It is a land of diverse cultures, several languages, billions of inhabitants and is home to 48 countries recognized by the UN. The list of Asia Flags is inclusive of the national flags of Asian countries. Asia is one of the major tourist attractions and the entire continent is divided as Northern Asia, Central Asia, Middle East, Southern, Asia, Eastern Asia, and South-eastern Asia.